Dynamic Earth Session #4: Feb. 8, 2003


All handouts and teacher info for the entire USGS Volcanoes! series, except the poster.

The Volcanoes! poster online, with purchase information if you want a paper copy.

Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions

NASA's Passport to Knowledge: Live from the Storm. "Differential Heating and Cooling of Land and Ocean" lesson plus background information and many ready-to-use activities about weather and climate. Click on "Educators" to access the Teacher's Guide with lessons.

"Weather and Air Activities Booklet" -Cooperative Research Centre for Southern Hemisphere Meteorology. "El Nino and rainfall" plus activities on air pressure, dew and frost, clouds, and other topics.

"Climate and Currents" - a lesson plan packet for grades 4-8 from UCLA's
Marine Science Center.

From the Smithsonian Institution - Tomorrow's Forecast: Oceans and Weather. Several lessons for grades 4-9 including "Coastal Climates, Inland Climates" and "El Nino - An Ocean Child/Find El Nino".

"Forecast: moderate coastal climates, variable temperatures inland": a lesson about the effects of oceans on climate, including the role of the Gulf Stream.

Educational materials associated with "The Ocean Planet" exhibit at the Smithsonian.

Classroom activities to accompany JPL's "Visit to An Ocean Planet", a free CD-ROM you can order on-line. "El Nino Analysis" and a number of other lessons addressing oceans, climate, and life.


Earth, Climate, and Life Through Time, Crum, Bralower, and Whitney (2000), Kendall/Hunt College-level lab manual; easily adaptable to HS, even MS; source of activity we explored.

http://www.joi-odp.org/USSSP/CurrEnr/Curriculum.html From Mountains to Monsoons CD (1996) More detailed, polished, and user-friendly source that inspired the activity from Earth, Climate, and Life Through Time. Graphics are a bit dated, but the experience is still worthwhile; teacher's guide available as .pdf download.
[at the same Web site as above CD] From Gateways to Glaciation CD (2000).  How closure of the Strait of Panama affected ocean circulation, global climate change, etc.; teachers guide available as .pdf download.

Mass Extinctions

Teacher guide for grade 6-8 unit on possible causes of mass extinction at the K-T boundary. Not tested by anyone we know yet; requires Web access for

A module for grades 5-8 from Classroom of the Future. To access, register at http://www.cotf.edu/ete/teacher/teacher.html.

A reasonably thorough and accurate, non-technical summary of theories of dinosaur extinction, including (but not limited to) asteroid impact

Weather Sites

http://iwin.nws.noaa.gov/iwin/graphicsversion/bigmain.html  Interactive.  Good site to see animations of the current weather.  Warnings and Advisors from the NWS by state.  Gives a view of the Pacific that is often not included in US satellite views

http://www.ametsoc.org/dstreme/index.html  American Meteorological Society pages of current meteorological information, with many items useful to teaching.  Good links to the NWS also.

http://www.usatoday.com/weather/wgraph0.htm  Helping you understand weather

Below are links to USATODAY.com graphics and photo scrapbooks with captions explaining the photos. These will help you understand weather, climate and some other earth sciences topics. Interactive graphics are highlighted in red.

http://www.weather-photography.com/index.php  This site contains photographs of many weather phenomena, and information on how to photograph these. The photo collection consists of five categories: Atmospheric Optics, Lightning, Clouds, Astronomy, Miscellaneous

http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/sat_products.html  NRL Monterey Marine Meteorology Division (Code 7)  Satellite Meteorology

http://www.goes.noaa.gov/   Geostationary satellite server.  Wonderful pictures from the GOES

http://weather.gov/  National Weather Service home page. A wealth of information.  Check the left side bar for navigating through the pages.

http://metsun1.met.sjsu.edu/webcam/   SJSU weather cam and archives.  Link to Meteorology department

http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/Monterey/   NWS Monterey Station.  Current, local weather information, includes latest El Nino news, Web Cams, Current Hazards, Local Warnings,  Storm Reports, Current Conditions, Forecasts, Maps & Charts, Fire Weather, Winter Weather, Sun/Moon/Tides, Climate Outlook, Weather Safety, and Miscellaneous. Check the left side bar for navigating through the pages.

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/  NWS NOAA joint page.  Includes a search engine. Check the left side bar for navigating through  the pages.

El Nino

http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/nino-home.html  El Nino theme page.  Access to distributed information on El Nino: The basics , What’s happening now?, and Where can I find data on El Nino? Excellent source.  It would take a week to check out all of these pages.

http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/impacts.html   El Nino impacts

http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/jsdisplay/   Real time data from the moored buoys for improved detection, understanding, and prediction of El Nino and La Nina

http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/  NOAA El Nino Home page.  Excellent source.  Similar to El Nino theme page.  Includes La Nina information.  Links to El Nino forecast, observations, and research

http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/edu.html  Educational site

http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/elnino/  USGS News and Information on El Niño   Floods || Landslides || Coastal Hazards || Climate || News Releases || Other Information

http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/response/  USGS site: Oblique Aerial Photography - Coastal Erosion from El-Niño Winter Storms:   S. Washington/N. Oregon | Central California | Southern California

http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/fact-sheet/fs175-99/  El Niño Sea-Level Rise Wreaks Havoc in California's San Francisco Bay Region

http://www.ogp.noaa.gov/enso/  Office of Global Programs El Nino page.  Part of NOAA

http://www.oar.noaa.gov/k12/html/el_nino.html  El Nino work book for younger children.  Older page that has some links that no longer work.

http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/ENSO/enso.different.html Climate Diagnostic Center. Comparison of Different El Niño and La Niña Events

http://cwatchwc.ucsd.edu/cgi-bin/elnino.cgi  Coast Watch: El Niño Watch, Advisory 2002-12  Coastal Ocean Mean SST (°F) and Deviation from Normal, December, 2002

http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/lanina/  Climate Prediction Center El Nino La Nina  Home page

 http://nsipp.gsfc.nasa.gov/enso/visualizations/index.html  El Nino visualizations.  Good graphics of ’97 El Nino

http://www.esig.ucar.edu/elnino/glossary.html  Glossary of El Nino terms from the report of the conference, The Potential Use and Misuse of  El Nino Information in North America, found at http://www.esig.ucar.edu/elnino/contents.html  

http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/elnino/20021202.html Topex site, with satellite views of the earth, El Nino page

http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/topex/elnino.html  Topex educational outreach on El Nino

http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/el-nino-report.html  El Nino Report to the Nation

http://www-ocean.tamu.edu/education/oceanworld/   Ocean World El Nino page. Texas A&M Lesson plans and oceanographic topics. 

http://podaac.jpl.nasa.gov/edudoc.html   Huge list of educational science resources online and by mail

More resources from JPL http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/education/education.html 

Other Useful Sites

Water Science For Schools - from the United States Geological Survey. Background and activities about the water cycle,  water resource, etc.

Coriolis Effect - a series of animations